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Agriculture

Location, Climate, Geology

Mahe Region is a tiny pocket of the Union Territory of Puducherry which is embedded on the West by the Arabian Sea, Moolakkadavu River on the north and other two sides by stretch of hills of medium height. There are a five villages viz. Pandakkal, Palloor, Chalakkara, Chembra and Cherukallayi besides the Mahe town. Total area of the region is 9 Sq.Kms. Temperature of the region varies 19 to 36 degrees depending upon the season and on an average of about 3000mm of rainfall is received by this Region, which is the heaviest among all the four of the U.T.of Puducherry. The Region receives continuous rain between June and August mostly under the influence of south-west monsoon. During the month of September, moderate rains are received due to the influence of north–east monsoon. Laterite soil is found in the inner areas of Mahe region. Patches of hills of moderate heights also is a specific nature of this Region. Coconut, Arecanut, Pepper, Banana and Tapioca are the major crops grown in this Region. To certain extent vegetables and some fruit trees like jack, mango, cashew are very common. Other than this, tuber crops, vegetables and other annuals are cultivated in this Region.

Facts at a glance

Particulars Details
Total area of the Region 9 Sq Km.
Total geographical area 868.76 Hectare
Total cultivable area 340 Hectare
Total number of farmers 4291
Average annual rainfall 3000 mm
Monsoon South-West Monsoon (June to August)

North-East Monsoon (September to October)

Soil type Sandy – Coastal area

Lateritic –Inner area

Villages Pandakkal, Palloor, Chalakkara, Chembra, Mahe, Cherukallayi
Major Crops Coconut, Banana, Tapioca, Arecanut, Pepper, Vegetables and Fruits: Lime, Jack Fruit & Mango
Cropping System Tier & Mixed cropping system
Implementing Scheme Scheme for Diversification in Agriculture through Horticultural Crops.

Social Forestry